Drills are an important aspect of Wing Chun training, they simulate a fighting
situation, but without the risk of injury. Different drills are used to train
different aspects of Wing Chun, such as reaction time, speed, endurance,
strength, precision, or perhaps emphasis on perfecting a certain technique.
Partner drills include lat sau, dan chi sau, and chi sau, as well as many
technique specific drills such as pun sau or jut sau/chun sau.
Lat Sau (freestyle fight) is an fighting simulation drill with varying
levels of intensity where a student can learn, practice and test techniques
without fear of injuring themselves or their partner. Lat Sau teaches and
reinforces the centerline theory, muscle memory and increases reflexes. At
advanced levels, lat sau simulates a fighting situation as to train the body to
deal with the various stresses on may face during a fight (fight or flight,
tunnel vision, flailing, panic and shock).
Lat Sau is taught and practiced at all levels.
Dan Chi Sau
Dan Chi Sau (single sticking hand) is a crucial prerequisite for chi
sau, the only difference being dan chi sau is performed with only one hand. Dan
Chi Sau helps the student learn how to "feel" the directions of force and how to
react to each change of direction or attack using muscle memory. To compliment
this, dan chi sau can be performed while blindfolded, as to force the student to
rely wholly on their tactile sense and muscle memmory.
Dan Chi Sau is taught and practiced at beginning and intermediate student
Chi Sau builds on dan chi sau's framework with the use of both hands
simultaneously. Chi Sau defense reflexes are elicited in a very immediate and
mechanical way by the attack of the opponent. Thus they are always exactly
tailored and appropriate to the situation. Chi Sau reflexes are far quicker than
reacting to visual input and they also allow for the WC fighter to defend
him/herself blindly. Chi Sau is the glue that integrates a number of single
movements into coherent combinations that are not preconceived yet prove to
exactly meet the needs of the given situation. Without Chi Sau WT would only
consist of an accumulation of single technical bits or dead movement patterns.
This makes Chi Sau is the very soul of Wing Chun!
Chi Sau is taught and practiced starting at intermediate and advanced
Pun Sau and Others
There are a variety of other drills that focus on either a technique,
principle, or strength. One such drill is pun sau (rolling arms); a conditioning
drill used to teach the framework of chi sau, specifically forward pressure, how
to sense changes in direction of force and how to react to it. Pun Sau also
conditions and strengthens the muscles necessary to practice chi sau.
Other drills include Mui Fa Jong Fa, Punching Drills, Kicking Drills,
Conditioning drills and a variety of Footwork drills used to train and condition
one's body to the techniques and principles of Wing Chun.