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Most martial arts consist of forms or sets (Japanese Kata), a group of movements
performed in a sequence
that illustrate techniques and principles. Forms act as a sort of
technique encyclopedia. There are many reasons to practice forms, they build
strength and muscle memory. They familiarize the body with the techniques and
also have certain health and meditative values. Forms help one to master
techniques without the need for a partner and without any risk of injury.
Wing Chun consists of Three
empty hand forms, one dummy form and two weapon forms.
Siu Nim Tau
Siu Nim Tau is the fundamental building block of Wing Chun containing a mixture
of hard and soft style techniques. Siu Nim Tau means "Little Idea", It
follows the Wing Chun concept of "Less is More". It is a consolidation of the
simplest, most direct and effective movements and does not waste any
energy on flowery acrobatic movements that are pleasing to the eye, but entirely
ineffective. So the form may seem
little to the untrained eye.
Tau is taught at the beginning student levels.
Chum Kiu builds on the framework of Siu Nim Tau, incorporating footwork,
shifting, and kicks This form reinforces hard techniques while still
incorporating soft movements. Chum Kiu Means "Seeking the Bridge". It follows
the concepts of closing the gap and teaches different methods of control when
"sticking" to an opponent.
Chum Kiu is taught at the intermediate student
Biu Tse is Wing Chun's most advanced form. It teaches devastating and
incredibly powerful soft style techniques that can be used to severely injure an
opponent as a last resort. Biu Tse means "Darting Fingers" taken from the forms
emphasis on finger strikes meant to be used to strike vital points on an
opponents body. This form incorporates advanced footwork and
Biu Tse is taught at the beginning technician level.
Muk Yan Johng Fa
The Muk Yan Johng Fa, or Wooden Dummy Techniques, is a compilation of techniques
take from the three empty hand forms practiced on a Muk Yan Johng (Wooden Man).
Muk Yan Johng training reinforces proper technique and develops strength in the
Muk Yan Johng Fa are taught at the beginning Technician Levels
Luk Dim Bun Kwun
Luk Dim Bun Kwun meaning 7 and half pole techniques is the first of two
weapon forms in Wing Chun. It teaches the principles of long and single weapons
using a "Dragon Pole".
Luk Dim Bun Kwun is taught in the Practitioner Grades after the mastery of empty
Bat Cham Do
Bat Cham Do meaning 8 cutting swords, is the second of two weapon forms in Wing
Chun. It teaches the principles of short and double weapons using two "Butterfly
Bat Cham Do is taught in the Practitioner Grades after the
mastery of empty hand techniques.