Wing Chun was created over 200 years ago in China when the country was being
invaded from the north. The masters of the Shaolin temples gathered together
to develop a martial arts system that could be taught to the people so they
could defend themselves against their attackers. They needed something that
would be quick and easy to learn, but be as effective as the arts they had
spent many years mastering in the temples. They conceived Wing Chun, a system
based on martial principles, using the least amount of energy to gain the
highest amount of results; the system uses the simplest and most effective
techniques without having to rely on large amounts strength or acrobatic
ability, with no compromises in effectiveness. It instead uses its principles
to deal with an aggressor’s energy in the most scientific way possible, often
times by using their own force against them.
Wing Chun is a self-defense oriented martial art. The first step in winning
a fight is avoiding it. We teach how to better avoid situations that may
result in a conflict, and how to diffuse those situations without first
resorting to violence. We then teach to use only “necessary force” or using
only what force is necessary to defend oneself and return to safety.
Economy of Motion
Wing Chun is conceived in such a way that one can manage a fight
effectively with just a few movements. The best self-defense is one that can
fend off the most attacks with the least amount of movements! WC does not rely
on highly acrobatic or strength demanding movements and techniques; it instead
uses the most simple and direct techniques using the least amount of energy,
to gain the highest amount of results.
Wing Chun relies on a
tactile sense as
opposed to the sense of sight. Sight, although not invaluable, can be affected
by certain variables
such as darkness, various obstructions of sight (natural or otherwise) and
tunnel vision and can cause it to be unreliable. When a WC pugilist gains contact
with an opponent they can "feel" what the opponent intends to do, be it by
judging tension, a shift in balance, or feeling the movement of the arms,
through training they can determine "where" their opponent is and deduce their
intent. This sensitivity is gained through training drills such as Lat Sau,
Pun Sau and Chi Sau - which at advanced levels is practiced blindfolded to
make the student rely wholly on their sense of touch!
Muscle Memory takes the concept "sightless fighting" one step
further. In a fighting situation, as opposed to see, stop, think, react,
muscle memory allows one to simply react. Through training drills
such as Lat Sau and Chi Sau the body develops second nature reflexes that
allow the body to react on its own when a fighter "feels" or sees an attack
coming. This allows for lightening fast reaction times.
Once a WC-fighter has gained his/her advantage by a punch he/she doesn't
just give it up but lets other punches immediately follow the first. The
quick sequence of punches overwhelms the capacities of the opponent to process
information as he is driven into a helpless defense. This is one of the most
effective techniques of all. Traditional martial arts know of virtually no
means to counter them.
The Four Ways Of "Force"
In dealing with "force", there are four key principles in Wing Chun:
1. Be free from your own "force".
Wing Chun is a soft style; you must not rely on brute force to manipulate
the enemy. You must learn to relax, as there is always somebody that can use
your own force against you!
2. Free yourself from the "force" of your opponent.
Don’t allow yourself to get into a strongman competition with your
opponent; there is always somebody stronger then you.
3. Use the "force" of the opponent.
Learn to take advantage of tension and misplaced force in your opponent by
redirecting it to work for you.
4. Add your own "force" to the "force" of the opponent.
Use your own force to supplement your actions when using your opponents
force against them.
Wing Chun is based and taught on principles. In martial arts, principles are
laws governing the philosophy on which a technique is based.
These are the four fundamental principles that apply to WC at any level:
1. If the way is clear, move forward!
Wing Chun follows “aggressive defense” (From the Latin “aggrediš” – to come
close to somebody). As soon as an attacker moves close enough to potentially
strike, the WC pugilist immediately moves forward, forcing the attacker to the
2. If there is contact keep stick to it!
If for any reason contact with the opponent’s limbs is made, the WC
pugilist does not withdraw, but maintains a steady forward pressure towards
the opponent’s core. This allows for the pugilist to “feel” or use tactile
sense as opposed to sight, which can be slow and deceiving. This also prevents
an opponent from having the opening and opportunity to offer a successful
3. If your opponent is stronger, yield!
Wing Chun does not rely on brute force. If an opponent offers an attack
with a greater force than can be handled, instead of fighting it with an equal
force, the WC pugilist yields. Yielding is a controlled way of “giving in”
which allows for our pugilist to exploit the strength and force of his or her
opponent and us it against him to remove them self from the course of an
attack and successful initiate a counter-attack.
4. If your opponent retreats, follow!
Should an opponent withdraw an arm or a leg from contact, the WC pugilist
follows the retreat, and immediately drives forward into an opponent’s core
presenting an opening for attack.
Ranges of a Fight
Wing Chun teaches the student how to react to and defend them self in any
range of combat. This is important as in real-life self-defense situation,
where the rules of fairness do not apply, one never knows from what range or
how they will be attacked.
The five ranges of combat are:
1. Far Combat Range
2. Middle Combat Range
Utilizing punches and other hand strikes
3. Close Combat Range
Utilizing knees and elbows.
4. Grappling Combat Range
Utilizing grabs, chokes, holds, locks and throws.
5. Ground Combat Range
Utilizing ground-grappling techniques.
The principles of Wing Chun are the same at any range of fighting.
Because of this, the student need not change their technique or style as the
range of the fight changes.